In 2000, filmmaker Ken Burns interviewed Shaw at his home for his PBS documentary/miniseries Jazz where Shaw appears in multiple segments. The result was the hit "Frenesi". Strings gave him a wider tonal palette and allowed him to concentrate on ballads rather than the fast dance songs of the swing era. The film garnered him two Oscar nominations for Best Score and Best Song ("Love of My Life"). On these Musicraft recordings in 1946 Shaw featured the young singer Mel Tormé. The addition of a string section to a popular big band was not novel, as it had been done by Paul Whiteman and others since the 1920s. Shaw credited his time in the Navy from 1942 to 1944 as a period of renewed introspection. His hits from this hand were Stardust, Frenesi, Moonglow, and Dancing in the Dark. Shaw bought a saxophone by working in a grocery store and began learning the saxophone at 13. Following the breakup of that band, he began to focus on other interests and gradually withdrew from the world of being a professional musician and major celebrity, although he remained a force in popular music and jazz before retiring from music completely in 1954.. He served in the US Navy from 1942 to 1944, (during which time he led a morale-building band that toured the South Pacific amidst the chaos of World War II) and, following his discharge in 1944, he returned to lead a band through 1945. , In 1938, Down Beat magazine readers voted Artie Shaw's the best swing band.  In 1953, Shaw was forced to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee for his leftist activities.  In 2005, Shaw's eighth wife, Evelyn Keyes, filed suit, claiming she was entitled to one-half of Shaw's estate, pursuant to a contract to make a will between them. Shaw rehearsed his new band, (based out of Boston, Massachusetts), and the band made its official debut on New Year's Eve 1984 at the Glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, New York, the same launching pad for many bands of the swing era decades earlier, when Shaw and his bands were in their prime. , A self-proclaimed "very difficult man", Shaw was married eight times. He organized a band that was modeled after his swing band concept of the late 1930s with the addition of six violins, two violas, and one cello. It did not include any strings and was based in Hollywood, California, where Shaw was living.  He named it Artie Shaw and the Gramercy Five after his home telephone exchange. His 1940 recording of "Stardust" was used in its entirety in the closing credits of the film The Man Who Fell to Earth. and on August 31, 1952, was part of the panel. (1965, reprinted in 1997), which prompted Terry Southern's comment: "Here is a deeply probing examination of the American marital scene. "Artie Shaw, Without Music". Widely regarded as "one of jazz's finest clarinetists", Shaw led one of the United States' most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Browse 147 lyrics and 1029 Artie Shaw albums. 1940: Shaw recorded and toured with a large band with a string section added. Before the release of "Beguine," Shaw and his fledgling band had languished in relative obscurity for over two years and, after its release, he became a major pop artist within short order.  After the war, the popularity of big bands declined, as Crooners and Bebop began to dominate the charts. Arthur Jacob Arshawsky (1910-2004), commonly known as Artie Shaw, was an American clarinetist, composer, and band leader. The note instructed him to tell military personnel to return to their bases. " Shaw's short stories, including "Snow White in Harlem", were collected in The Best of Intentions and Other Stories (1989). "Benny Goodman played clarinet. Soundtrack | Actor Artie Shaw started his first swing band in 1936. , The long series of musical groups Shaw formed included Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Helen Forrest, Mel Tormé, Buddy Rich, Dave Tough, Barney Kessel, Jimmy Raney, Tal Farlow, Dodo Marmarosa, and Ray Conniff. , Apart from his interest in music, Shaw had a tremendous intellect and almost insatiable thirst for intellectual knowledge and literature. He made a few records for Musicraft before the band broke up, and all of the recordings for Musicraft from 1946 were staffed by top-notch session musicians. "Swing Bandleader, Clarinetist Artie Shaw Dies", University of Arizona: Artie Shaw Collection, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 00:17. In 2004, he received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. "Artie Shaw's ex-wife gets half of estate", Learn how and when to remove this template message, It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing), "A short history of… "Nightmare" (Artie Shaw, 1936)", "Artie Shaw Biography Songwriter (1910–2004)", "JAZZ A Film By Ken Burns: Selected Artist Biography – Artie Shaw", "At Home with: Artie Shaw; Literary Life, After Ending the Beguine", "Books by Artie Shaw- I Love You, I Hate You, Drop Dead! Following the breakup of what was already his second band in 1939, he rarely toured at all and, if he did, his personal appearances were usually limited to long-term engagements in a single venue or bookings that did not require much traveling, unlike many bands of the era that traveled great distances doing seemingly endless strings of one-night engagements. He formed and dissolved groups several times throughout the 30s and 40s, his last organisation being a short-lived band playing bop-style jazz in 1949. Many of his recordings have been used in motion pictures. To continue playing would be a disservice.  Shaw valued experimental and innovative music rather over dancing and love songs. Shaw made several musical shorts in 1939 for Vitaphone and Paramount Pictures. "Artie Shaw, 94: Top bandleader of swing era". “Star Dust” (1940) Artie Shaw The story: It is always challenging to write objectively and accurately about Artie Shaw’s music and personality. In 1950, he was a mystery guest on What's My Line? , In addition to hiring Buddy Rich, he signed Billie Holiday as his band's vocalist in 1938, becoming the first white band leader to hire a full-time black female singer to tour the segregated Southern U.S. However, after recording "Any Old Time", Holiday left the band due to hostility from audiences in the South, as well as from music company executives who wanted a more "mainstream" singer. "'Jazz is like jumping off a cliff'". TYhroughout Helen Forrest is in good voice and had clearly learned from Billie Holiday during the brief time they were both with Artie. While taking a few months vacation in the spring of 1941 to reassess what to do next, Shaw recorded in another small group format with three horns and a four-man rhythm section with the addition of a dozen strings and.  He acted on the show as a love interest for Gracie Allen, although he disliked having to be a part of the celebrity culture of the period.. He continued to record for RCA Victor, as he had before the war, and limited the band's personal appearances to military bases in California. In 1940, at the height of his popularity, the 30-year-old Shaw earned up to $60,000 per week. Musically restless, Shaw was also an early proponent of what became known much later as Third Stream music, which blended elements of classical and jazz forms and traditions. Product description Among the big band leaders of the 1930s and '40s, Artie Shaw was considered one of the most innovative and creative. There was bedlam as many rose to champion the communist cause, and Shaw began praising the democratic standards of the Soviet constitution. Shop with confidence. After Shaw returned from Mexico in 1940, and still under contract to RCA Victor, he experimented with a group of session musicians in Hollywood, trying to combine strings and woodwinds with a jazz band. Wadler, Joyce. , Longtime Duke Ellington clarinetist Barney Bigard cited Shaw as his favorite clarinet player. At the Cafe Rouge he quit his band that week and went to Mexico. In 1932, Shaw joined the Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra and made several recordings with the outfit including "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)" and "Fit as a Fiddle". Billy Ward and the Dominoes took the song to #12 US in 1957, and that same year Nat King Cole's version hit #79 US and #24 UK. Artie Shaw kept his third jazz orchestra (his Stardust band) together into early 1941 before he decided to break it up. As the audience left, he knew the band was coming to an end. He would, however, show up on occasion "just to hear how things sounded". The song was performed by Artie Shaw. , He was an innovator in the big band idiom, using unusual instrumentation; "Interlude in B-flat", where he was backed with only a rhythm section and a string quartet, was one of the earliest examples of what would be later dubbed Third Stream. During his self-imposed "sabbaticals" from the music business, his interests included studying advanced mathematics, as cited in Karl Sabbagh's The Riemann Hypothesis.. He used the morose "Nightmare", with its Hasidic nuances, as his theme rather than choosing a more accessible song. He generally did not stick around long enough to reap his bands' successes through live performances of their recorded hits. Shaw appeared with the band throughout its first few years, limiting his role to being its conductor and front man, while leaving the clarinet playing duties to Johnson. He explained to a reporter, "In the world we live in, compulsive perfectionists finish last. In fact, Shaw had long been suffering from diabetes. Artie and the band were featured in the 1939 movie Dancing Coed. After his discharge in 1944, he formed another band, this time what could be considered a modern big band in that it contained what is now considered the standard eight brass and five saxes. Freedland, Michael. ", "Olivia de Havilland Recalls Her Role – in the Cold War", Discography of American Historical Recordings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artie_Shaw&oldid=995613572, United States Navy personnel of World War II, American people of Austrian-Jewish descent, American people of Russian-Jewish descent, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He felt the titles should be reversed. Olivia de Havilland and Ronald Reagan, part of a core group of actors and artists who were trying to sway the organization away from Communism, presented an anti-Communist declaration which, if signed, was set to run in newspapers. Wilson, Jeff. " He turned to semi-autobiographical fiction with the three short novels in I Love You, I Hate You, Drop Dead! 2:13 Shaw's line climaxes on a dramatic high note. Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, actor and author of both fiction and non-fiction. Get the best deal for Music Album CDs Artie Shaw from the largest online selection at eBay.com. 1999 Preview SONG TIME The Last Two Weeks In July ... More by Artie Shaw. It was a collection of music arranged by some of the foremost composer/arrangers of the period, much of which was sketched out by Shaw himself and filled in and completed by his orchestrator/arranger collaborators, among them Jerry Gray, William Grant Still, Lennie Hayton, Ray Conniff, Eddie Sauter, and Jimmy Mundy, to name a few.  Shaw grew up in New Haven, Connecticut, where his natural introversion was deepened by local antisemitism. , Shaw also recorded with small jazz groups drawn from within the ranks of the various big bands he led. His controlling nature and incessant verbal abuse drove Turner to have a nervous breakdown, soon after which she divorced him.
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