How unfortunate is Zafar! D) 1865 . However, Mu'azzam revolted in 1680 on the pretext of protesting Aurangzeb's treatment of Rajput chiefs.  In May 1707, Kam Bakhsh sent Ahsan Khan to conquer the states of Golkonda and Hyderabad. B) Begum Zinat Mahal. June 1858 – Rani Lakshmibai killed. The British took two years to completely suppress the rebel. Personal Life & Legacy He had four wives, Begum Ashraf Mahal, Begum Akhtar Mahal, Begum Zeenat Mahal, and Begum Taj Mahal. He is resting, but not in peace, believe his admirers. India’s last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar died in this former capital of Myanmar 154 years ago. While the emperor may have been overstating his impotence before the sepoys, the fact remains that the sepoys had felt powerful enough to dictate terms to anybody.  It was attended by several sepoys who were described as treating him "familiarly or disrespectfully". Upon excavation of the two graves intact, skeletal remains of Bahadur Shah Zafar wrapped in … But his exile still continues. After Aurangzeb's death, his eldest son by his chief consort, Muhammad Azam Shah, declared himself successor, but was shortly defeated in one of the largest battles of India, the Battle of Jajau and overthrown by Bahadur Shah. But instead, Red Fort in Delhi was selected for the trial. Bahadur Shah was buried in the Moti Masjid at Mehrauli in Delhi.  He was the only Mughal emperor to have the title Sayyid, used by descendants of the prophet Muhammad. Within weeks, the emperor's spies intercepted treasonous messages exchanged between Mu'azzam and Abul Hasan, the ruler of Golconda.  The city of Sirhind fell to the Mughals on 7 December; its besieger, general Mohammad Amin Khan Bahadur, gave him a golden key ring commemorating the victory. kiskī banī hé ālam-e-nā-pāyedār méń  In an incident in which one of his followers was bitten by a snake, Zafar tried to cure him by giving a "seal of Bezoar" (a stone antidote to poison) and some water on which he had breathed to the man to drink.  According to the Bahadur Shah Nama chronicle, because of this incident the emperor called Amar Singh an "unbeliever". In 1862, he died in Rangoon. The Sikhs started moving cautiously towards Delhi and entered the sarkar of Hissar where they started preparation for a military campaign. B) Begum Zinat Mahal. Feb 19, 2017 - Explore Narong Budhraja's board "Bahadur Shah Zafar" on Pinterest. The emperor issued an edict to the zamindars (landlord) of Jammu to take the Sikh captive if possible. Bahadur Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) The last Mughal king, Bahadur Shah, better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was born in 1775 at Delhi.  The newspaper Delhi Urdu Akhbaar described him as "one of the leading saints of the age, approved of by the divine court. Zafar's father, Akbar II, had been imprisoned by the British and he was not his father's preferred choice as his successor.  In 1695, Aurangzeb sent Mu'azzam to the Punjab region to fight the chieftains and subdue a rebellion by the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh. Because of Zafar's neutral views on religions, many Indian kings and regiments accepted and declared him as the Emperor of India. But as Gorkha forces arrived, fearing capture and humiliation, the Begum fled to Nepal. , In one of his verses, Zafar explicitly stated that both Hinduism and Islam shared the same essence. In October, his condition deteriorated. C) 1858.  Nevertheless, the emperor still persisted in entrusting his son with responsibilities, and in 1687, Aurangzeb ordered Mu'azzam to march against the sultanate of Golconda. After his death, Aurangzeb ordered Singh's widows and his son Ajit Singh to be brought to Delhi and with plans of forcefully absorbing Ajit Singh in the Mughal army in the future. In his book, The Last Mughal, William Dalrymple states that, according to Lahore scholar Imran Khan, the beginning of the verse, umr-e-darāz māńg ke ("I asked for a long life") was not written by Zafar, and does not appear in any of the works published during Zafar's lifetime. Bahadur Shah Zafar ruled over a Mughal Empire that had by the early nineteenth century been reduced to only the city of Delhi and the surrounding territory as far as Palam. The British took two years to completely suppress the rebel. However, Mirza Mughal had little military experience and was rejected by the sepoys.  He abolished the mughal Zamindari system and gave the cultivators proprietorship of their own land. In October 1711, a joint Mughal-Rajput force marched towards Sadaura. However, he yielded to the demands of the sepoys when he was told that they would not be able to win against the East India Company without him. But he wasn’t kept there for long and moved to Red Fort. From 1696 to 1707, he was governor of Akbarabad (later known as Agra), Kabul and Lahore. According to William Irvine, his maternal grandfather was Sayyid Shah Mir (whose daughter, Nawab Bai Ji, married Aurangzeb). , Rivalry developed between Taqarrub Khan and Ahsan Khan. D) Begum Gazi Khatun . , His full name, including his titles, was "Abul-nasr Sayyid Qutb-ud-din Muhammad Shah Alam Bahadur Shah Badshah". ], غازیوں میں بو رھےگی جب تک ایمان کی تخت لندن تک چلےگی تیغ ھندوستان کی. Forces led by Isa Khan and Muhammad Amin Khan followed but failed to capture him. 39. Two hours later Kam Bakhsh's camp was surrounded, and Zulfiqar Khan impatiently attacked him with his "small force". , Bahadur Shah I, post coronation painting featuring Mughal symbols, Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir, Mughal Emperor, Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Mughal Emperor, Muhi-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahadur_Shah_I&oldid=1002026526, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abul-Nasr Sayyid Qutb-ud-din Muhammad Shah Alam Bahadur Shah Badshah, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 13:41.  Mu'azzam's loyal servants were moved by his father into the imperial service, and the remaining servants were sacked. Shah ruled that because of the dispute, the region would become part of the Mughal empire and the city was renamed as Islamabad. दो गज़ ज़मीन भी न मिली कू-ए-यार में, lagtā nahīń hé jī mérā ūjař'é dayār méń Bahadur Shah Zafar had four wives and numerous concubines. He played an important role in the revolt of 1857 against the British. Bahadur Shah Zafar was sentenced life imprisonment and was sent with his wife to Rangoon, where he died in Jail on November 1862.  He was also a believer of the magical and superstitious side of the Orthodox Sufism. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. बुलबुल को पासबाँ से न सैयाद से गिला He was not to meet anybody without his father's prior consent. C) 1850. When she died, the location of Zafar's grave had already been forgotten and "could not be located," so she was buried in a roughly similar position near a tree where his grave was assumed to be. Before Bahadur Shah's arrival in December, Banda had captured the sarkar of Sirhind, several parganas of the sarkar of Hissar, and had invaded the sarkar of Saharanpur. They stormed Samana in November 1709 and defeated the faujdar in the Battle of Samana whilst sacking the town. He was born on October 24, 1775 and was the son of Akbar shah II. Begum Hazrat Mahal – She was the wife of the deposed Nawab Wazid Ali Shah of Lucknow. But when Zafar ultimately did this, Hakim Ahsanullah Khan betrayed him by providing evidence against him at the trial in return for a pardon for himself. The Scindias of Gwalior. The sepoys apparently used to affix his seal on empty envelopes, the contents of which he was absolutely unaware. On 2 October, although the army was deployed at the mosque the old khutba (which did not call Ali "wasi") was read. I shall sleep, legs outstretched, in my tomb The group wrote some charms and asked the emperor to mix them in water and drink it, which would protect him from the evil. The same King Jang Bahadur, who had betrayed India, provided her safe passage and refuge in Kathmandu. He made his son Jahandar Shah commander of the advance guard, later replacing him with Khan Zaman. Sitting on a branch of flowers, the nightingale rejoices “The eldest son of his late Majesty Mirza Aboo Zuffer has quietly succeeded to the throne under the usual salutes. इतनी जगह कहाँ है दिल-ए-दाग़दार में The emperor, then in the Deccan had to patch up a truce by restoring Ajit Singh and Jai Singh to the Mughal Service. After she sent him captured followers of Bahadur, he ordered that "ornaments worth 100,000 rupees should be manufactured" for her, and Prakash was released a month later. Updated: 05 Oct 2019, 10:40 AM IST Shreya Ila Anasuya. On 5 November 1708 Shah's camp reached Bidar, 67 miles (108 km) north of Hyderabad. , The administration of the city and its new occupying army was described as "chaotic and troublesome", which functioned "haphazardly". کہہ دو اِن حسرتوں سے کہیں اور جا بسی Shah gave him the title of Mirza Rajah, and he received gifts valued at 100,000 rupees. दो आरज़ू में कट गए, दो इन्तज़ार में , Bahadur Shah, upon hearing of the uprising led by Banda Bahadur in Punjab only a year after Guru Gobind Singh's death, left the Deccan for the north. B) 1859. His men were sent to bring Singh to the city for an interview with him, where Singh received "special robes of honour" and a jewelled scarf. Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II (Persian: بهادرشاه ظفر) (born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad) (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. He was the son of Akbar Shah from his Hindu wife Lalbai. Bahadur Shah Zafar was sentenced life imprisonment and was sent with his wife to Rangoon, where he died in Jail on November 1862. , In 1681, he was sent by Aurangzeb to the Deccan to crush a revolt raised by his step-brother Sultan Muhammad Akbar. 40. , Suspecting that Bahadur was allied with Bhup Prakash, the king of Nahan, the emperor had Prakash imprisoned in January 1711; his mother begged in vain for his release. Finding him "invincible", the emperor went to Ajit Singh and Jai Singh for help. They next killed Sayyid Hussain Khan Barha, the commandant of Mewat and many other officers (September, 1708). After the death of his father, he ascended the throne in 1837, during the British rule, when he was little over 60 years of age. Bahadur Shah Zafar died in the Rangoon jail in November 1862. Zafar was buried at 4 pm near the Shwedagon Pagoda at 6 Ziwaka Road, near the intersection with Shwedagon Pagoda road, Yangon. On … , In Amber he announced his intention to march to Jodhpur when Mihrab Khan defeated Ajit Singh at Mairtha, and he reached the town on 21 February 1708. Zafar had 16 sons and 31 daughters. عمرِ دراز مانگ کے لائے تھے چار دِن काँटे बिछा दिये हैं दिल-ए-लालाज़ार में  Kam Bakhsh thanked him in a letter, "without either explaining or justifying [his actions]". The Sikhs then besieged Jalalabad but withdrew to Jalandhar Doab due to the flooding in the Krishna River. He was "spoon-fed on broth" but he found that difficult too by 3 November. , Bahadur Shah Zafar was a devout Sufi. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. A) 1862. With little ammunition left, Bahadur and a "few hundred of his followers fled". His father, Akbar Shah II, was Muslim while his mother, Lal …  He was regarded as a Sufi Pir and used to accept murids or pupils. Copper coins from Aurangzeb's reign were re-minted with his name. , The trial was a consequence of the Sepoy Mutiny and lasted for 41 days, had 19 hearings, 21 witnesses and over a hundred documents in Persian and Urdu, with their English translations, were produced in the court. A) 1858. His wives were:. kitnā hé bad-naseeb zafar dafn ke liye Begum Akhtar epitomized Lucknow’s high culture in her music, poetry and personal style. Bahadur received soldiers from village ruler Ram Chand for his march against the Mughals, and besieged Fatehabad in April 1711. Although Kam Bakhsh had little money and few soldiers left, the royal astrologer had predicted that he would "miraculously" win the battle. He was the son of Akbar Shah from his Hindu wife Lalbai. The emperor was respected by the company, who provided him with a pension. Of all his wives, Zeenat Mahal was the closest to him. After his death, contemporary historians began calling him "Khuld-Manzil" (Departed to Paradise).  Shah reached Amber on 20 January 1708. Mirza Jawan Bakht (1841 - 1884) Was The Son Of Emperor Bahadur Shah II, Also Called Zafar, And Zinat Mahal. A) 1858. The Maratha Empire had brought an end to the Mughal Empire in the Deccan during the 18th century and the regions of India formerly under Mughal rule had either been absorbed by the Marathas or had declared independence and become smaller kingdoms. ], لگتا نہیں ہے جی مِرا اُجڑے دیار میں On 30 November he attacked the Lohgarh fort, capturing three guns, matchlocks and three trenches from the rebels. At their meeting, he read "books of authority" to justify using the word wasi. It was later believed that Bahadur Shah was not directly responsible for the massacre, but that he may have been able to prevent it, and he was therefore considered a consenting party during his trial. D) 1859 Similarly, happened to Rani Avantibai. , As a poet, Zafar imbibed the highest subtleties of mystical Sufi teachings. Zafar's religious tolerance, some suggest, also reflects his mixed parentage. C) 1858. An arched iron-grill bears his name and title. During the reign of Bahadur Shah, the Rajput states of Jodhpur and Amber were annexed again after they declared independence a few years previously. However, the claims are often disputed. , He was a prolific Urdu poet and calligrapher. The subahdar of the province, Jan Sipar Khan, refused to hand over the money. , His half-brother, Muhammad Kam Bakhsh, marched to Bijapur in March 1707 with his soldiers. , In Jodhpur, Bahadur Shah got the news that the Maharana Amar Singh II had fled from Udaipur to hide in the hills. According to the historian Munis Faruqui, Mu'azzam deliberately failed in his mission. harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFDalrymple2006 (, Shahzada Muhammad Hidayat Afshar, Ilahi Bakhsh Bahadur, "Proceedings of the April 1858 Trial of Bahadur Shah Zafar 'King of Delhi, "Grave secrets of Yangon's imperial tomb", "Search the Collections | Victoria and Albert Museum", "Zoomify image: Poem composed by the Emperor Bahadhur Shah and addressed to the Governor General's Agent at Delhi February 1843", "[SASIALIT] bahadur shah zafar poem and its translation attempts", Extract of talk by Zafar's biographer William Dalrymple (British Library), Extracts from a book on Bahadur Shah Zafar, with details of exile and family, Links to further websites on Bahadur Shah Zafar, BBC Report on Bahadur Shah's possible descendants in Hyderabad, An article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Delhi and Hyderabad, Another article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Hyderabad, An article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Kolkata, Forgotten Empress: Sultana Beghum sells tea in Kolkata, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahadur_Shah_Zafar&oldid=1002429536, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with Hindi-language sources (hi), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad Bahadur Shah, Raunaq Zamani Begum (possibly a granddaughter, d. 1930), This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 12:03. After the death of Amin Khan (governor of Kabul) he assumed that position in 1699, holding it until his father's death in 1707. , With his soldiers outnumbered and unable to resist the attack, Kam Bakhsh joined the battle and shot two quivers of arrows at his opponents. and was buried at the site that later became known as Bahadur Shah Zafar Dargah. June 1858 – Rani Lakshmibai killed. Bahādur Shāh II, also called Bahādur Shāh Ẓafar, (born October 24, 1775, Delhi, India—died November 7, 1862, Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar), the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–57). Memories of Akhtari 8 min read. In 1683, he was ordered by Aurangzeb to march to the Konkan region to prevent the still rebellious Akbar from fleeing the country, but again Mu'azzam failed to achieve the assigned goal. The next day, Hodson shot his sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan, and grandson Mirza Abu Bakht under his own authority at the Khooni Darwaza, near the Delhi Gate and declared Delhi to be captured. 41. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. , Jaswant Singh was the leader of the Rathore in Jodhpur (in Rajputana, in present-day Indian state Rajasthan) during Aurangzeb's reign. फैला के पाँव सोएँगे कुंज-ए-मज़ार में and was buried at the site that later became known as Bahadur Shah Zafar Dargah. Q16- _____ was the wife of Bahadur Shah Zafar. The story of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last mughal, is the most tragic part of the glory called Mughal Dynasty. ", Thinking that Kam Bakhsh might flee to Persia, the emperor ordered his prime minister Zulfiqar Khan Nusrat Jung to agree with Madras Presidency governor Thomas Pitt to pay him 200,000 rupees for Kam Bakhsh's capture. He also ordered the Nawab of Awadh Asaf-ud-Daula, provincial governor Khan-i-Durrani, Moradabad faujdar Muhammad Amin Khan Chin, Delhi subahdar Asad Khan and Jammu faujdar Wazid Khan to accompany him into battle. The East India Company became the dominant political and military power in mid-nineteenth-century India. , To solve the problem, Bahadur Shah went to Lahore in September 1711 and had discussions with Haji Yar Muhammad, Muhammad Murad and "other well-known men". He and his wife Begum Zinat Mahal were sent to prison in Rangoon in October 1858. After learning from messenger Rustan Jung that he had crossed the Ravi River, the emperor attacked with artillery led by Isa Khan.  Davies commenting on Zafar, described his life to be "very uncertain". He was sent to Rangoon along with her wife Begum Zinat Mahal.  In July, the garrison at the Kulbarga fort declared their independence and garrison leader Daler Khan Bijapuri "reported his desertion from Kam Bakhsh". Zafar was accompanied into exile by his wife, Zeenat Mahal, and some of the remaining members of the family. On 10 November Shah began his march to Amber (in Rajputana, present day Rajasthan state of India), visiting the tomb of Salim Chishti in Fatehpur Sikri on 21 November. , On 12 May 1857, Zafar held his first formal audience in several years. ], Zafar was tried and charged on four counts:, 1) Aiding and abetting the mutinies of the troops, 2) Encouraging and assisting divers persons in waging war against the British Government. Aurangzeb learned about the plot and sent Mu'azzam's mother Begum Nawab Bai to dissuade Mu'azzam from rebellion. During his grandfather's reign, Mu'azzam was appointed vizer of Lahore from 1653 to 1659. , When he reached Hyderabad on 28 June 1708, he learned that Kam Bakhsh had attacked Machhlibandar to seize over three million rupees' worth of treasure hidden in its fort.